The World Bank contracted a consortium of organizations led by Practical Action Consulting to conduct a study in Madagascar to assess the potential economic, environmental, and health benefits of ethanol as a household fuel. Berkeley Air led the indoor air quality and exposure monitoring component of the study.
The study evaluated the effects of household ethanol use in comparison to the two most common domestic fuels: charcoal and fuel wood. In addition to testing the efficacy of ethanol stoves, the study also aimed to assess the effects of awareness-raising and other promotional activities designed to address the harmful impacts of exposure to cooking smoke. With the exception of the control group, all study households had experienced some awareness-raising activities, and some households had only received awareness-raising.